Cornea

The cornea is the clear dome-shaped structure in the front of the eye. It is the first point at which light enters the eye and is refracted. While the cornea plays a critical role in the patient’s vision, many diseases can alter its function causing pain, irritation, tearing or blindness. The cornea can be reshaped during the LASIK procedure and can reduce a patient’s need for eyeglasses.

Close up of blue eye from the side

Anatomy

The cornea itself has 5 main layers including the Epithelium, Bowman’s layer, the Stroma, Descemet’s membrane and the Endothelium. Each of these layers can develop abnormalities.

Cornea Structure Diagram
1: Epithelium, 2: Bowman’s Layer, 3: Stroma, 4: Descemet’s Membrane, 5: Endothelium.

Common Corneal Conditions

Some more common conditions you may wish to see a corneal specialist for include:

  • Dry Eyes
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Herpes simplex virus
  • Herpes zoster virus (shingles)
  • Epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
  • Recurrent erosions
  • Corneal abrasions
  • Corneal foreign bodies
  • Corneal infections
  • Keratoconus
  • Fuch’s endothelial corneal dystrophy

Corneal Surgery

We perform the latest techniques of corneal surgery including:

  • Penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)
  • Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK)
  • Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK)
  • Descemet’s membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK)
  • LASIK
  • PRK
  • Pterygium surgery/Anterior Segment Reconstruction
  • Corneal Collagen Cross-linking

Prevention

The best defense against corneal disease is early detection. Therefore, it is very important to undergo a yearly comprehensive eye exam.

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Contact Us

200 Westage Business Ctr Dr
Suite #110
Fishkill, NY 12524
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845-896-9280
FAX: 845-896-0246